Mindset can be Fixed or Growth. Fixed mindset believe that their abilities are fixed whereas Grwoth mindset people think that abilities can be developed.
People can also learn these self-theories from the kind of praise they receive (Mueller & Dweck, 1998). Ironically, when students are praised for their intelligence, they move toward a ﬁxed theory. Far from raising their self-esteem, this praise makes them challenge-avoidant and vulnerable, such that when they hit obstacles their conﬁdence, enjoyment, and performance decline. When students are praised for their effort or strategies (their process), they instead take on a more malleable theory— they are eager to learn and highly resilient in the face of difﬁculty.
Thus self-theories play an important (and causal role) in challenge seeking, self-regulation, and resilience, and changing self-theories appears to result in important real-world changes in how people function.
Growth mindset people are more resilient. They are better in coming out of difficult condition whereas Fixed mindset people feel less confident when face challenge.
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